Can Chickens Eat Tomatoes: Nutritional Benefits and Risks

Published: October 23, 2023

An overhead shot of several tomatoes still attached to their stems
Credit: / @lmablankers

You may have often wondered how to supplement our chickens' diets with healthy and nutritious treats. One common question that arises is, "Can chickens eat tomatoes?" 

Tomatoes are a staple in many gardens and kitchens, but their suitability as a food source for chickens might not be as clear-cut as you think.

In this article, we’ll dive into the nutritional benefits of tomatoes, some potential risk factors, and how to safely feed tomatoes to your featured friends.

Can Chickens Eat Tomatoes?

Yes, chickens can eat tomatoes and enjoy them as a healthy snack as they are rich in vitamins, fiber, and antioxidants, providing nutritional benefits to chickens. Ripe tomatoes are safe for chickens to consume, and they can eat the whole fruit, including the seeds. However, it is important to note that chickens should not eat the leaves or flowers of tomato plants. These parts contain a toxin called solanine, which can harm chickens. It's advisable to fence off tomato plants to prevent chickens from accessing the leaves and flowers.

When feeding tomatoes to chickens, it's essential to do so in moderation. While tomatoes are safe for chickens, excessive consumption can harm their health. It's best to limit the number of tomatoes given to chickens and avoid overfeeding them with fruits. 

Cutting the tomatoes into smaller pieces can help control the portion size and prevent overconsumption. Additionally, it's recommended to feed tomatoes to chickens as an occasional treat rather than a daily staple in their diet.

By offering tomatoes in moderation and protecting the chickens from accessing the harmful parts of the plant, you can safely incorporate tomatoes into your chickens' diet.

Nutritional Benefits of Tomatoes for Chickens

Vitamins And Minerals Present In Tomatoes

Tomatoes contain essential vitamins and minerals that can benefit your chickens' health. They contain high levels of vitamin C, A, K, potassium, and folate. These nutrients are important in maintaining a strong immune system, supporting bone health, and promoting proper growth and development in chickens.

Antioxidant Properties

In addition to their rich vitamin and mineral content, tomatoes are a great source of antioxidants, including lycopene, beta-carotene, and lutein. These antioxidants help protect your chickens' cells from damage caused by free radicals and can contribute to their overall health and vitality.

Impact On Egg Quality

Feeding tomatoes to your chickens can have a positive impact on egg quality. Tomatoes' vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants improve eggshell strength, yolk color, and overall health. However, it's essential to remember that tomatoes should only be fed as a treat and in moderation to maintain a balanced diet for your chickens.

Natural Food Source During Winter Months

During the winter months, when fresh greens and other natural food sources may be scarce, tomatoes can provide your chickens with essential nutrients to help them stay healthy. The high water content in tomatoes also helps with hydration, which is crucial for chickens' overall well-being, especially during cold weather. Just remember to feed ripe tomatoes and avoid unripe ones or any parts of the tomato plant that contain solanine.

Potential Risks of Feeding Tomatoes to Chickens

Eating Tomato Plant Leaves

As mentioned above, chickens should not eat tomato plants' leaves as they contain toxic solanine. Solanine can also be found in other parts of the plant, such as the stems and flowers. While chickens may be curious and try to nibble on the leaves, the solanine present in them can lead to gastrointestinal upset, lethargy, diarrhea, and neurological issues in chickens. 

It is best to prevent chickens from accessing by fencing them away or planting tomato plants away from areas where chickens roam freely. 

The bitter taste of the leaves usually deters chickens from consuming them further, reducing the risk of significant harm. However, if chickens accidentally consume many tomato leaves, it is advisable to seek immediate veterinary assistance.

The Nightshade Family And Its Potential Effects On Poultry

Tomatoes belong to the nightshade family, which includes other plants like potatoes, eggplants, and peppers. Some plants in this family contain toxic compounds that can harm chickens if ingested. 

Although ripe tomatoes are generally safe for chickens, you must be cautious about offering other nightshade plants to your flock. Always research the safety of any plant before feeding it to your chickens, and avoid offering any part of a nightshade plant that could contain toxic substances.

Overconsumption And Its Impact On A Balanced Diet

While ripe tomatoes offer nutritional benefits to chickens, overconsumption can lead to an imbalanced diet. Chickens require a balanced diet, including quality commercial feed that provides essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. Offering too many tomatoes or other treats can cause your chickens to fill up on these items, reducing their primary feed intake. This can result in nutritional deficiencies and potential health problems. 

Two pairs of hands holding a red bowl of beautiful tomatoes
Credit: @ecasap via unsplash

How to Safely Feed Tomatoes to Your Chickens

Identifying Ripe Tomatoes

To ensure you provide your chickens with a safe and healthy treat, feed them only ripe tomatoes. Ripe tomatoes are bright red, have a firm but slightly soft texture, and have a pleasant, sweet aroma. Avoid offering your chickens unripe, green tomatoes, which can contain harmful levels of solanine.

Properly Preparing Tomatoes For Your Chickens

Before feeding tomatoes to your chickens, wash them thoroughly to remove any dirt, pesticides, or other contaminants. Cut the tomatoes into small, bite-sized pieces to make them easier for your chickens to eat and reduce the risk of choking. Remove any stems or leaves from the tomatoes.

Moderation And Serving Size

As with any treat, moderation is key when offering tomatoes to your chickens. We recommend only feeding them once or twice weekly as a general guideline. Your feed should not contain over 10% of tomatoes per feeding session. Overconsumption of tomatoes can lead to an imbalanced diet and potential health issues.

Ensuring A Balanced Diet With Other Food Sources

In addition to feeding tomatoes in moderation, providing your chickens with a balanced diet that includes high-quality commercial feed designed specifically for their age and needs is essential. 

This will ensure they receive all the nutrients, vitamins, and minerals for optimal health. Along with tomatoes, you can offer a variety of other safe and healthy treats, such as leafy greens, fruits, and vegetables, to provide variety and enrichment for your flock. Always research the safety of any new food items before offering them to your chickens, and remember to maintain a balance between treats and their primary feed.


Feeding your chickens ripe tomatoes can give them essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that contribute to their health and well-being. However, it's important to know the potential risks of feeding tomatoes, such as solanine toxicity from unripe tomatoes or other parts of the tomato plant. Ensuring you feed only ripe tomatoes and avoiding overconsumption is essential for the safety and health of your flock. As a responsible chicken owner, it's crucial to adopt proper feeding practices when offering your chickens tomatoes or other treats. Always ensure the tomatoes are ripe, clean, and prepared appropriately before feeding them to your flock. 

Remember the importance of researching new food items and feeding practices to provide the best care possible for your flock. Happy and healthy chickens result from responsible and attentive care from their owners.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Often Can I Feed Chickens Tomatoes?

You can feed your chickens tomatoes once or twice a week as a treat. Ensure that treats, including tomatoes, make up no more than 10% of your chickens' daily food intake to maintain a balanced diet.

Can Chickens Eat The Whole Tomato Plant?

No, chickens should not eat the whole tomato plant. While ripe tomatoes are safe for chickens to eat, the leaves, stems, and unripe or green tomatoes contain solanine, so ensure you do not feed them these parts.

Are Tomato Plants Toxic To Chickens?

Yes, parts of the tomato plant can be toxic to chickens. The green parts of the plant, including leaves, stems, and unripe tomatoes, contain solanine, which can cause gastrointestinal distress, weakness, and even death in chickens if ingested in large quantities.

Can You Feed Tomatoes Everyday?

It is not recommended to feed tomatoes to your chickens every day. Treats, including tomatoes, should make up no more than 10% of your chickens' daily food intake. 

What Age Can Chickens Eat Tomatoes?

Chickens can safely consume tomatoes once they have reached an age when they can be introduced to treats and other food items besides their chick starter feed. Generally, this is around 6 to 8 weeks of age when they transition to a grower feed. Always introduce new treats gradually and monitor your chickens for signs of digestive issues or discomfort.

Keep track of all your cattle with the #1 Cattle Management App

Download today for free!

Keep track of all your cattle with the #1 Cattle Management Software

Try out Ranchr today for free